Islamic Republic of Pakistan



Islamic Republic of Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان


اتحاد، تنظيم، يقين مُحکم
Ittehad, Tanzim, Yaqeen-e-Muhkam (Urdu)
“Unity, Discipline and Faith”

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia and the Greater Middle East. It has a 1,046 kilometer coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast.

Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world and is the second most populous country with a Muslim majority.  Pakistan is a declared nuclear weapons state.

The region forming modern Pakistan was at the heart of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and then later was the recipient of Vedic, Persian, Turco-Mongol, Indo-Greek and Islamic cultures. The area has witnessed invasions and/or settlements by the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Turks, Afghans, Mongols, Sikhs and the British.

In addition to the Indian independence movement which demanded an independent India, the Pakistan Movement (led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah of the Muslim League), which also sought an independent India, sought an independent state for the majority Muslim populations of the eastern and western regions of British India. The British granted independence and also the creation of the Muslim majority state of Pakistan that comprised the provinces of Sindh, North-West Frontier Province, West Punjab, Balochistan and East Bengal. With the adoption of its constitution in 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic. In 1971, a civil war in East Pakistan resulted in the creation of Bangladesh.

Pakistan’s history has been characterized by periods of military rule and political instability. It is a developing country that faces problems with high levels of poverty and illiteracy. It is also the sixth most populous country in the world and has the second largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia. Pakistan has the second largest Shia Muslim population in the world. It is the world’s only Muslim-majority nuclear state. Pakistan is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Next Eleven economies and the D8.

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Qomi Tarana (National Anthem)


:پاک سرزمین شاد

کشور حسین شاد باد

تو نشان عزم عالیشان

! ارض پاکستان

مرکز یقین شاد باد


:پاک سرزمین کا نظام

قوت اخوت عوام

قوم ، ملک ، سلطنت

! پائندہ تابندہ باد

شاد باد منزل مراد


:پرچم ستارہ و ہلال

رہبر ترقی و کمال

ترجمان ماضی شان حال

! جان استقبال

سایۂ خدائے ذوالجلال


Transliteration – Roman

Pāk sarzamīn shād bād

Kishwar-e-hasīn shād bād

Tū nishān-e-`azm-e-`alīshān


Markaz-e-yaqīn shād bād


Pāk sarzamīn kā nizām


Qaum, mulk, sultanat

Pā-inda tābinda bād!

Shād bād manzil-e-murād




Tarjumān-e-māzī, shān-e-hāl




Pakistan Ki Awaz